Sunday, 22 July 2012

'Lack' 這個字


很多人常常錯誤地把介詞 (preposition) 放在某些動詞 (verb) 的後面,而其中一個最常見的錯誤來自 'lack of' 這個詞組。其實只要記下幾個簡單的 pattern,就能正確地運用 'lack' 這個字了。

首先,當 'lack' 作為一個 verb 的時候,pattern 是:

lack (v) +{所缺乏的東西}  
 
譬如說: 

He lacks practical experience.(他缺乏實戰經驗。) 
Many students lack confidence when they speak in English.(很多學生說英語時缺乏信心。)

常見的錯誤寫法就是在 lack (v) 後加上 'in' 或 'of':

He lacks in practical experience. (wrong!) 
He lacks of practical experience. (wrong!)

當 'lack' 作為一個 noun 的時候,pattern 則是:

lack (n) + of +{所確乏的東西} 
 
舉例說:

He shows a lack of practical experience.
Many students show a lack of confidence when they speak in English. 

由於 'lack' 作為一個名詞時,串法跟 'lack' 的動詞完全相同,所以很多人才會把 lack (n) 和 lack (v) 的用法混淆。

最後,'lack' 的 adjective 是 'lacking',而當它作為一個形容詞的時候,pattern 是:

lacking (adj) + in +{所確乏的東西} 
 
我們看看例句:

He is lacking in practical experience.
Many students are lacking in confidence when they speak in English. 

同學們,希望這解釋能對你們有所幫助!

2 comments:

  1. Can we say "we just lack the practice" or "lack of practice",
    "we're lack of exercise."

    ReplyDelete
  2. AbstractDiet is an important factor Coach Outlet Store in the causation of cancer. Ray Ban Glasses Previous systematic reviews Coach Outlet of one to one interventions to encourage dietary change have found that such interventions can achieve modest improvements in diet. However, such interventions Yeezy Discount are resource intensive and unlikely to be good value for money at a population level.

    One JBS worker died, and three people connected to the Cargill outbreak, including two workers, also lost their lives.Alberta new case numbers have been trending down in recent days, with as few as 19 new confirmed Coach Handbags Clearance positive cases on Wednesday. But there are still 744 Ray Ban Outlet active COVID 19 Yeezy Boost 350 cases in the Alberta Health Services Calgary zone that 80 per cent of the province total.There also a growing outbreak at the Cascades Recovery recycling facility in Calgary, where Hinshaw said there have now been 53 confirmed cases. Of those, 16 people have recovered.Calgary Emergency Management Agency Chief Tom Sampson said that been and it has affected the city recycling services as the facility is New Jordan Shoes 2020 operating at about half its capacity for now.

    ReplyDelete