Monday, 2 April 2012

Sharing of verbs by subjects


"This dish is clean but those over there dirty."

這句話的問題出在哪裡呢? 句子的第一個 subject (主語) "dish" 是單數的,而第二個 subject "those" 則是複數的,因此它們不能分享同一個 singular verb (單數動詞) "is"。正確的寫法應該是:

"This dish is clean but those over there are dirty."

那下面的句子又有問題嗎?

"This girl is smart and that boy dumb."

句子的第一個 subject "girl" 是單數的,而第二個 subject "boy" 也是單數的,因此它們可以分享同一個 singular verb "is",句子並沒有問題。

看看下面的例子: 

These shirts are clean but that one over there is dirty.  (correct) 
These shirts are clean but that one over there dirty.  (wrong!) 

The coach was there but the athletes were absent.  (correct) 
The coach was there but the athletes absent.  (wrong!) 

He was given a Rolex watch while his brothers were given Casio watches.  (correct) 
He was given a Rolex watch while his brothers Casio watches.  (wrong!)

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