Tuesday, 25 October 2011

So 和 therefore 有分別嗎?


"So" 和 "therefore" 的意思都是「因此,所以」,但 "so" 語氣上較為隨便,常用於日常對話;"therefore" 感覺上則比較正規和嚴謹。兩個字基本上通用: 

I've had diarrhoea for days, so I went to see the doctor earlier today.
I've had diarrhoea for days, therefore I went to see the doctor earlier today. 

有一點值得留意:"therefore" 可緊接於動詞或名詞之後;"so" 則不可以。 

As a teenager, he worked out every day; he was therefore stronger than most people of his age.  (correct) 
As a teenager, he worked out every day; he was so stronger than most people of his age.  (wrong!) 

She spent too much time on the first few pages of the exam paper; she therefore couldn't finish the paper before the bell rang.  (correct) 
She spent too much time on the first few pages of the exam paper; she so couldn't finish the paper before the bell rang.  (wrong!)

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