Sunday, 9 October 2011

如何正確地使用 either ... or ... 和 neither ... nor ... (1)


當使用 "either...or..." 或 "neither...nor..." 作為句子的開頭,有一點我們必須注意:

"either (subject 1) or (subject 2)" 或 "neither (subject 1) nor (subject 2)" 隨後的動詞必須與 subject 2 相符。我們稱這規則為 "principle of proximity"。"Proximity" 就是「相近」的意思。因為 subject 2 與隨後的動詞較 subject 1 相近,所以動詞與 subject 2 相應。

舉例說:

不是你去洗碗,就是我去。
Either you or I am going to do the washing-up.  (correct)
Either you or I are going to do the washing-up.  (wrong!)

不是你弄得這麼亂,就是他。
Either you or he is responsible for this mess.  (correct)
Either you or he are responsible for this mess.  (wrong!)

他和我都不懂西班牙文。
Neither he nor I speak Spanish.  (correct)
Neither he nor I speaks Spanish.  (wrong!

她和你都無罪。
Neither she nor you are guilty of the offence.  (correct)
Neither she nor you is guilty of the offence.  (wrong!)

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