Saturday, 15 October 2011

如何正確地使用 either ... or ... 和 neither ... nor ... (2)


You may either eat the apple or the orange. 

上面句子的寫法有問題嗎?

有問題;那麼問題出在何處?

句子的原意是要表明兩種水果之間的選擇﹣你可以吃蘋果或橙﹣而非兩種行動之間的選擇。所以,正確的寫法應該是: 

You may eat either the apple or the orange. 

換句話講,"eat" 應該放在 "either" 之前。

再參考另一個例子: 

You may eat either the apple or drink the orange juice. 

現在錯處應該很明顯。這句子要表明的是兩種行動之間的選擇﹣蘋果或橙汁﹣而不是兩種食物或飲品之間的選擇。所以,正確的寫法是: 

You may either eat the apple or drink the orange juice. 

換句話講,"eat" 應該放在 "either" 之後。

看看下面的例句: 

You can buy her either a doll or a bouquet of flowers (correct)
You can either buy her a doll or a bouquet of flowers.  (wrong!)  

I eat neither durians nor "stinky tofu".  (correct)
I neither eat durians nor "stinky tofu".  (wrong!)    

You and Paul can swim either in the pool or in the sea.  (correct)
You and Paul can either swim in the pool or in the sea.  (wrong!)

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