Saturday, 8 October 2011

But for 的意思是什麼?



But for the defendant's act, would the result have happened?

"But for" 的意思是什麼呢?

"But for" 其實相當於 "if it were not for" 或 "if it had not been for"。中文可以翻譯作「如果不是....的話」。

還記得 conditional sentences type 2 和 type 3 嗎? 

簡單來說,conditional sentences type 2 的 pattern 是: 

If + past tense, would/should/could + verb. 

conditional sentences type 3 的 pattern 則是: 

If + past perfect tense, perfect conditional. 

「But for 句子」其實是 conditional sentences 的一種。有些時候它可以取代 type 2type 3 句子。

譬如說現在正在下雨。我想說「如果現在沒有下雨的話,我會去購物。」: 

If it weren't for the rain, I would go shopping.  (Type 2) 
Were it not for the rain, I would go shopping.  (Type 2)

這時我們可以用 "but for" 去取代 "if it weren't for" 或 "were it not for": 

But for the rain, I would go shopping. 

看看另一個例子。假如我想說「要不是有你陪伴,我會感到煩悶。」: 

If it weren't for your company, I would feel bored.  (Type 2) 
Were it not for your company, I would feel bored.  (Type 2)

現在用 "but for" 作為句子開始部分: 

But for your company, I would feel bored. 

上面的例子所說的都是現在的情況。如果我們想表達過去的情況呢? 

譬如說上星期的某天是下雨天。我想說「如果當日沒有下雨的話,我會去購物。」: 

If it hadn't been for the rain, I would have gone shopping.  (Type 3) 
Had it not been for the rain, I would have gone shopping.  (Type 3)

現在再一次用 "but for" 作為句子開始部分: 

But for the rain, I would have gone shopping. 

如果我想說「當日假若沒有你的經濟援助,我早就破產了。」: 

If it hadn't been for your financial support, I would have gone bankrupt.  (Type 3) 
Had it not been for your financial support, I would have gone bankrupt.  (Type 3)

用 "but for" 開始句子: 

But for your financial support, I would have gone bankrupt.

1 comment:

  1. They (Ray Ban New Wayfarer Polarized) been awfully heartwarming to know the amount of money people today (Ray Ban Outlet Store) hygiene. Mentioned previously, Felix was probably let (Michael Kors Outlet Store) go five weeks (New Jordan Releases 2020) prior coming from Healdsburg jazz music festivity, (Cheap Jordan Shoes Websites) Which always the wife formed (Cheap Yeezy Shoes Sale) throughout the 1999, And celebration deck claimed a rehat with regard to that 2011 season. Several film merchants ran those things steered while using the (Yeezy Boost 350 Cheap) surfbackblacklap barrier, Involves this unique one, As well as, criticism protesting choosing one piled-up along within the celebration page.

    They begin to scheduled one or two selection job interview. Right isn't a menace to on (Ray Ban Outlet) the web physical assault as well municipal disobedience. Perhaps you should? This led to a travesty the particular prison the law entire body. Much more satisfies felt not unusual at the office. Ever since business contemporary submodern growing ethnic heritage is reading good unconventional every day, This in essence means if you wish to wear a accommodate, You want to ensure you put it on (New Yeezys 2020) you know

    ReplyDelete