Thursday, 1 September 2011

因為,所以,雖然,但是


我們寫中文時,可以用「因為....所以....」這樣的句子結構。但請注意,英文則沒有這樣的結構;你可以只用「因為」,或只用「所以」,但不能同時用它們。

譬如你可以說: 

Because the weather is fine, we go for a walk. 

也可以說:

The weather is fine, so we go for a walk. 

但萬萬不能說: 

Because the weather is fine, so we go for a walk.  (wrong!)
Because the weather is fine, therefore we go for a walk.  (wrong!)

除了「因為....所以....」這個結構,「雖然....但是....」也有相同的規則。寫英文時,我們不可以用 "Although/though/even though...., but...." 這樣的結構: 

Although he exercises a lot, he's still very fat.  (okay)

He exercises a lot, but he's still very fat.  (okay)

Although he exercises a lot, but he's still very fat.  (wrong!)

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