Tuesday, 30 August 2011

Conditional Sentences (Type 2) in Action (2)


今天我們看另一個 type 2 conditional sentence 的例句。從這句子中,大家可以很清楚地看見作者是如何利用 type 2 conditional sentence 去帶出 if-clause 的假設性。

如要重溫 type 2 conditional sentence 的特性,請先看以下的連結:

http://grammarfun101.blogspot.com/2011/08/conditional-sentences-type-2.html

看看圖片中間的一段文字:
So, in the hypothetical situation posed at the start of this section, if you were employed as the nurse of the blind man to look after him, you would be under a contractual duty to care for him and so could be convicted of an offence for failing to warn him of the danger.
[Note: hypothetical = 假設的,假定的] 

請留意,為了帶出 if-clause 中「你被雇用為一個盲人的護士」的不真實性(unreality),或假設性(hypothetical nature),作者並沒有用上 type 1 conditional sentence:

If you are employed (present tense, passive voice) as the nurse of the blind man to look after him, you will be (future simple) under a contractual duty to care for him....  

作者所用的是 type 2:

If you were employed (past tense / past subjunctive, passive voice) as the nurse of the blind man to look after him, you would be  (conditional tense) under a contractual duty to care for him.... 

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